IMPLEMENTATION OF A DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE PROGRAM

The services provided by Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. (DTC) will enable your company to establish and maintain a drug free workplace. The principals of DTC have been coordinating the administration of drug-free workplace programs for over nine years and have the knowledge and experience to assist you and your company in the implementation of a drug-free workplace program.

  1. Drug-Free Workplace Substance Abuse Policy — We will develop a complete substance abuse policy individualized for your company. This policy will be written to meet the needs of your company, and in accordance with Federal and State regulations. Each policy document will include: “Why the company established the policy,” “What precisely is expected of employees,” and “What the consequences are for policy violations.”
  2. Implementation of Program — DTC will work with your company to identify the most convenient collection site, or sites if needed. DTC will establish the contact with each collection site and provide your company with customized Chain of Custody forms to be used by your company for each drug screen.
  3. Start-Up Package — DTC will provide your company with all of the materials needed for a drug free workplace. Included in this package will be:
    1. Drug Free Workplace Manual — To be used by management as a guide to the proper administration of the Drug-Free Policy, procedures to follow for supervisors, forms to be completed after an accident and for reasonable cause, and recommendations on how to identify possible drug related problems in the workplace.
    2. Posters stating that your company is a Drug-Free Workplace.
    3. Training material for employees and supervisors.
  4. Power Point Presentation — Available for supervisors and employees. Presentation discusses the Drug-Free Workplace Policy.
  5. Drug Screen — DTC, Inc. will coordinate with your company, collection site, certified laboratory, and Medical Review Officer to ensure the integrity of each drug screen. The results of each screen will be relayed to only the authorized representative of your company.
  6. Random Drug Screens — A program can be implemented to randomly test employees. DTC, Inc. will work with you to establish the criteria that is to be used to determine what portion of the employee population is to be tested and will use validated random selection procedures to identify the specific employees to be tested.
  7. Itemized monthly invoice — no need to keep track of laboratory, collection site, Medical Review Officer’s invoicing. DTC, Inc. will send you one monthly invoice.

Employee Drug Testing

Pre-employment:

  • Testing that is part of the application process before an offer of employment is made.
  • Testing that is part of the hiring process after an offer of employment is made, but before hiring actually occurs (a so-called “conditional offer of employment”).
  • Testing that occurs sometime soon after the individual begins work, but passing the drug test is made a condition of employment (i.e., even though the individual is already working, his or her hiring will not become final unless the individual passes the required drug test).

Random:

The testing of employees who are chosen on a “neutral-selection” basis without advance notice. Random drug testing also includes the testing of all employees in a company (or a particular division of the company) when the date and time of the testing are unannounced and randomly selected.

For-Cause:

This is synonymous with “probable cause” and “reasonable suspicion” testing. Typically, the “cause” required is an objective, factual, individualized basis for testing, such as when an employee’s behavior or physical appearance suggests drug use or possession of drugs, or there are other indications of a violation of the company’s substance-abuse prevention policy.

Periodic Announced:

The testing occurs when employees are given advance notice of the date and time that testing will take place. It is often conducted as part of a regularly scheduled employment physical or fitness-for-duty medical examination.

Post-Accident:

The testing of an employee who is involved in an on-the-job accident (vehicle or otherwise) which may have involved human error, and which causes a fatality, a serious injury, or significant property damage.

Rehabilitation:

This testing occurs during an employee’s participation in a rehabilitation program and/or upon the employee’s return to work.

Safety-Sensitive:

Testing of employees whose job responsibilities are safety-sensitive.

RANDOM DRUG TESTING

The following chart outlines the annual minimum drug and alcohol random testing rates established within DOT Agencies and the USCG:

DOT Agency

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA)
United States Coast Guard (USCG)

Random Drug Testing Rate (%)

25
50
25
50
25
50

Random Alcohol Testing Rate (%)

10
10
10
10
N/A
N/A

The following states have restrictions on random drug testing:

Boulder, CO (City Ordinance) — Prohibited.

California (safety sensitive) — Limits random testing to safety sensitive and prohibits it entirely in San Francisco.

Connecticut — “. . . an employer may require an employee to submit to a urinalysis drug test on a random basis if (1) such test is authorized under federal law, (2) the employee serves in an occupation which has been designated as a high-risk or safety-sensitive occupation pursuant to regulations adopted by the Labor Commissioner pursuant to chapter 54, or (3) the urinalysis is conducted as part of an employee assistance program sponsored or authorized by the employer in which the employee voluntarily participates.”

Maine — “[A]n employer may require, request or suggest that an employee submit to a substance abuse test on a random or arbitrary basis if at least one of the following conditions is met:

  1. The employer and the employee have bargained for provisions in a collective bargaining agreement, either before or after the effective date of this subchapter, that provide for random or arbitrary testing of employees; or
  2. The employee works in a position the nature of which would create an unreasonable threat to the health or safety of the public or the employee’s co-workers if the employee were under the influence of a substance of abuse. It is the intent of the Legislature that the requirements of this paragraph be narrowly construed.”

Massachusetts — Safety Sensitive Only.

Minnesota — An employer may request or require only employees in safety-sensitive positions to undergo drug and alcohol testing on a random selection basis.

Montana — An employer may use random testing if the employer’s controlled substance and alcohol policy includes one or both of the following procedures:

  1. An employer or an employer’s representative may establish a date when all salaried and wage-earning employees will be required to undergo controlled substance or alcohol tests, or both.
  2. An employer may manage or contract with a third party to establish and administer a random testing process that must include:
    1. an established calendar period for testing;
    2. an established testing rate within the calendar period;
    3. a random selection process that will determine who will be tested on any given date during the calendar period for testing;
    4. all supervisory and managerial employees in the random selection and testing process; and
    5. a procedure that requires the employer to obtain a signed statement from each employee that confirms that the employee has received a written description of the random selection process and that requires the employer to maintain the statement in the employee’s personnel file. The selection of employees in a random testing procedure must be made by a scientifically valid method, such as a random number table or a computer-based random number generator table.

New Jersey — Limited.

Rhode Island — Prohibited.

Vermont — Limited.

West Virginia — Limited.

Pre-Employment Physicals

Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. offers a full suite of pre-employment drug testing services for our commercial clients, from eCup drug tests to the DOT drug screening and more. Our national pool of physicians and clinics allow us to arrange physical examinations for pre-employment applicants at reduced rates to client companies. In addition to the Federally-mandated (SAMHSA/DOT) 5-drug panel, Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. provides a range of test panels and cut-off levels.

Hiring a new employee is a risk for any company, due to liability and insurance issues. Make sure you are hiring the right personnel by using drugtesting.com’s pre-employment drug tests and criminal background checks. Once hired, we also test employees for Safety-Sensitive, Post Accident, and Rehabilitation screening. We take the risk out of the equation, and allow your company the ability to focus on the myriad issues inherent to your business.

Post-Accident Drug Testing

Most facilities boast a drug free workplace in which employees are subject to pre-employment drug screening as well as random testing. Each state and organization has guidelines regarding the number of times and circumstances for testing employees, check with your state agency and company to see what applies to you. The organizations that require drug screens must post and notify their employees of this.

Workplace drug testing usually includes the primary five of marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine, heroin and PCP, and possible alcohol screening. Standard screening has been federally regulated and the technicians performing them have had to undergo specialized training.

Pre-employment drug testing is exactly that; as a hopeful applicant, you will be required to undergo a voluntary drug screen before the hiring party will provide you with a position.

Random testing may include a general lot testing of employees without notice, or for cause testing in which circumstances have made it necessary to screen an individual.

In a random screen, a handful of employees are informed they need to report for testing. They usually receive this notice at some time during their workday and are given a deadline to have it done by, there is no warning or pre notification for this type of testing. The random test also does not have any specific indications for the drug screening

For cause testing includes changes in an employee’s character or performance and post accident screening.

When an employer sees a sudden change in an employee’s work performance they may request a for cause screening of that individual. This process will usually include a performance review and the opportunity for the employee to give a reason for the change in behavior. There is often a mutual agreement between the employer and employee to have the testing done. In the event of an accident on the job, a company may have a mandatory drug screen policy for the employee/s involved. An accident does not require any injuries or damages to have been suffered in order for the employer to request employee drug testing. This testing is done within a short period of the incident occurring.

Employee drug testing usually includes urine collection or breath alcohol analysis or both, in very rare instances a blood test may be required. This will all depend upon the screen requested and the circumstances. It is important that both the employee and employer follow the strict guidelines regarding proper and timely collection of the drug testing specimen for accurate results.

The results of the testing can have serious implications to the employee’s future employment. An employee can face termination or long term suspension depending upon the company regulations.

On a positive note, this can be the opportunity for an individual to obtain necessary help and intervention if required.

Laboratory Based Drug Testing

Results reported within 24 to 72 Hours

All substance abuse specimens submitted to laboratory for testing are initially tested using the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) screening technique. This objective method is both computerized and automated to ensure reliable results and industry-leading turnaround times.

Standard Urine Testing

One of the most common screening methods, urine testing is an accurate and reliable way to detect casual drug use that occurred within the previous 72 hours. Testing is performed at all SAMHSA-certified laboratories.

In addition to the Federally-mandated (SAMHSA/DOT) 5-drug panel, Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. offers a variety of test panels and cut off levels. Our standard urine specimen 5-drug panel test screens for the presence of the following drugs and drug classes.

Drug Group

Amphetamines (Amphetamine and Methamphetamine)
Cocaine Metabolite
Marijuana Metabolites
Opiates (Codeine and Morphine)
Phencyclidine

EIA Screen Cutoff Level* ng/mL**

1000
300
50
2000
25

GC/MS Confirmation Cutoff Level* ng/mL**

500
150
15
2000
25

*These are standard cutoff levels — alternate cutoff levels may be available.
**Nanograms/milliliter — the above cut-off levels, list of analytes and test methodologies are subject to change when required by applicable government regulations or guidelines.

Dilute Specimen

Dilution should not be confused with adulteration, where chemical adulterants are directly added to a urine specimen. Dilution is the process of reducing the concentration of drug or drug metabolites in the sample.

Oral Fluid Testing

Oral fluid collection devices, where a swab is used to collect a saliva sample, allow for specimen collection at any time or any place, helping to simplify the collection process while preserving the donor’s dignity. Since the sample is collected under direct supervision, the chance for specimen adulteration is greatly reduced.

Hair Testing

A non-invasive, adulterant-resistant test that provides up to a 90-day history of drug use for the 5 most common classes of drugs including Ecstasy. In addition, a hair specimen can be collected at virtually any location.

On Site Drug Testing

On-site Drug & Alcohol Testing Options:

Direct results reported within minutes. Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. offers a wide variety of on-site, instant drug testing products that offer employers convenient, self contained, one-step screening for illicit drug use all with rapid, reliable results.

Urine Testing:

Testing can be conducted on a single urine sample for one to 10 drugs at a time, delivering fast results that are readable for up to 60 minutes. A resealable package is also available for leak-proof specimen disposal. Confirmation testing can be performed at a SAMHSA-certified laboratory.

Oral Fluid Testing:

Provides easy-to-read results within 15 minutes, detecting drugs not available in traditional urine drug screens. The sample is collected under direct supervision, minimizing the chance for specimen adulteration. GC/MS confirmation can be performed at a SAMHSA-certified laboratory.

Breath Alcohol Testing:

On-site breath alcohol testing that is fast and easy. This highly convenient, non-invasive screening device — available in D.O.T. approved and non-D.O.T. versions — accurately screens for alcohol use by measuring alcohol levels from just one deep breath. Easy-to-read indicator crystals change color upon alcohol detection, providing results within two minutes.

Adulteration Testing:

Developed to detect the use of foreign substances (ingested or added to a specimen) that prevent the detection of drug use, our instant adulteration product is an essential part of a comprehensive drug testing program.

Drug and Alcohol Training Programs

Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. offers training for employees, pointing out the benefits of a Drug Free Workplace and the dangers of substance abuse, and training for supervisors highlighting liabilities and what to look for if an employee is under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Business managers who attend the Drug Test Coordinators training programs become familiar with the laws, both state and Federal, that apply to a workplace drug and alcohol policy. You’ll learn the correct methods of implementation and system control, plus how to handle the insurance concerns surrounding this type of program.

For more information on the Pre-employment testing services offered by Drug Test Coordinators, Inc., call us today, toll-free, at 321-586-1503 or send an email to info@drugtesting.com.

Medical Review Officer (MRO)

The Role of the MRO

The role of the Medical Review Officer is to review and interpret lab results obtained through the agency’s testing program. An essential element of drug testing is a mechanism for a medical review of the results. That mechanism is the Medical Review Officer (MRO). The MRO’s role is an important safeguard in the testing process. The MRO practice is a business specialty area that requires technical knowledge, professional judgment, interpersonal skills, and an understanding of both legal and economic issues.

The MRO is required to be a licensed physician responsible for receiving laboratory results generated by a drug testing program, who has knowledge of substance abuse disorders and has appropriate medical training to interpret and evaluate an individual’s positive test result with his or her medical history and any other relevant biomedical information.

The MRO assures:

  1. respect for personal confidentiality and dignity of the donor
  2. maintenance of the confidentiality of medical information, except when public safety is jeopardized
  3. maintenance of high scientific and medical standards

Finally, it is anticipated that the role of the MRO will change with time. New drugs and patterns of substance abuse may emerge that mandate innovative approaches to the detection of substance abuse and establish new roles for MROs.

Corporate Drug Testing

Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. (DTC) specializes in corporate drug testing. We work closely with your company to plan and implement a corporate drug testing program that will ensure a drug free workplace. DTC has been working with companies to implement a corporate testing program for over nine years. We provide the knowledge and experience that enables our clients to rest assured that your company is safe and drug free.

Drug and alcohol abuse are the leading cause of workplace accidents and decreased employee production. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, drug and alcohol abuse cost U.S. employers approximately $81 billion per year. Statistics show that 1 in 8 members of the national workforce have drug or alcohol problems. About half of drug users admit to selling drugs at work to fellow employees.

These statistics are frightening, but they do not have to affect your business. DTC Implementing a corporate drug testing program ensures your company is a drug free workplace and protected against drug related litigation. Our drug free workplace implementation program will remove these concerns by preparing a corporate drug testing program, implementing the program, providing your company with materials, coordinate with your company, collection site, certified laboratory, and Medical Review Officer, and continue to monitor your staff with random drug testing.

Employee Alcohol Testing

Alcohol is society’s number one drug. Two thirds of all substance abuse is related to alcohol. Thirty percent of all hospital admissions are alcohol related. It is present in over half of all highway fatalities. The lion’s share of our health-care dollar is spent on problems caused by alcohol abuse. Several different methodologies are available for alcohol testing. Alcohol can be tested in the blood, breath, urine, and saliva.

Drug Test Coordinators, Inc. can assist you in implementing an employee alcohol testing program, and ensure that you have the right tools at your disposal to provide your employees with a drug and alcohol free workplace.

Read more on Employee Alcohol Testing:

  1. Urine Alcohol Testing
  2. Blood Alcohol Testing
  3. Saliva Alcohol Testing
  4. Breathalyzer Alcohol Testing

For more information on the Employee Alcohol Testing services offered by Drug Test Coordinators, Inc., call us today, toll-free, at 321-586-1503 or send an email to info@drugtesting.com.